Little Planet South Pole

APOD: 2022 August 26 - Little Planet South Pole Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 26 Little Planet South Pole Image Credit &Copyright: Aman Chokshi Explanation: Lights play around the horizon of this snowy little planetas it drifts through a starry night sky.Of course the little planet is actuallyplanet Earth.Recorded on August 21, the digitally warped,nadircentered panorama covers nearly 360x180 degrees outside theAmundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica.The southernmost research outpost is near the horizon at the topwhere the light of dawn is approaching after nearly six months of darkness.Along the bottom is the ceremonial pole marker surrounded by the 12 flagsof the original signatories of the Antarctic treaty, with a wild displayof theaurora australis above. Tomorrow's picture: light-weekend<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC,NASA ScienceActivation& Michigan Tech. U.

Tiangong Space Station Transits the Moon

APOD: 2022 August 25 - Tiangong Space Station Transits the Moon Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 25 Tiangong Space Station Transits the Moon Image Credit &Copyright: Lucy Yunxi Hu Explanation: The rugged lunar south polar regionlies at the top of this colorfulportrait of a last quarter Moon made on August 20.Constructed from video frames and still imagestaken at Springrange, New South Wales, Australia it alsocaptures a transitof China'sTiangong Space Station.The transit itself was fleeting, taking the space station less than a secondto cross the shadowed and sunlit lunar disk.The low Earth orbiting Tiangong is at an altitude of about 400kilometers, while the Moon is some400,000 kilometers away.Subtle color differences along the bright lunar surface are revealed inthe multiple stacked frames.Not visible to the eye,they indicate real differences in chemical makeupacross the lunar surface. Tomorrow's picture: little planet<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC,NASA ScienceActivation& Michigan Tech. U.

The Cartwheel Galaxy from Webb

APOD: 2022 August 24 - The Cartwheel Galaxy from Webb Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 24 The Cartwheel Galaxy from Webb Image Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team Explanation: To some, it looks like a wheel of a cart.In fact, because of its outward appearance, the presence of a central galaxy, and its connection with what looks like the spokes of a wheel, the galaxy on the right is known as the Cartwheel Galaxy.To others, however, it looks like a complicated interaction between galaxies awaiting explanation.Along with the two galaxies on the left, the Cartwheel is part of a group of galaxies about 500 million light years away in the constellation Sculptor. The large galaxy's rim spans over 100,000 light years and is composed of star forming regions filled with extremely bright and massive stars. The Cartwheel's ring-like shape is the result of gravitational disruption caused by a smaller galaxy passing through a large one, compressing the interstellar gas and dust and causing a star formation wave to move out like a ripple across the surface of...

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Meteor and Milky Way over the Mediterranean

APOD: 2022 August 23 - Meteor and Milky Way over the Mediterranean Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 23 Meteor & Milky Way over the Mediterranean Image Credit & Copyright: Julien Looten Explanation: Careful planning made this a nightscape to remember.First, the night itself was chosen to occur during the beginning of this year's Perseid Meteor Shower. Next, the time of night was chosen to be before the bright Moon would rise and dominate the night sky's brightness.The picturesque foreground was selected to be a rocky beach of the Mediterranean Sea in Le Dramont, France, with, at the time, île d’Or island situated near the ominously descending central band of our Milky Way Galaxy. Once everything was set and with the weather cooperating, all of the frames for this seemingly surreal nightscape were acquired within 15 minutes.What you can't see is that, on this night, the astrophotographer brought along his father who, although unskilled in modern sky-capture techniques, once made it a point to teach his child about the sky. Perseid Meteor Shower 2022 Gallery: Notable Submissions to APOD Tomorrow's picture:...

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Earths Recent Climate Spiral

APOD: 2022 August 22 - Earths Recent Climate Spiral Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. Earth's Recent Climate Spiral Video Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio Explanation: Is our Earth warming?Compared to the past 250 million years, the Earth is currently enduring a relative cold spell, possibly about four degrees Celsius below average. Over the past 120 years, though, data indicate that the average global temperature of the Earth has increased by nearly one degree Celsius. The featured visualization video depicts Earth's recent global warming in graphic terms.The depicted temperatures are taken from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies' Surface Temperature Analysis.Already noticeable by many, Earth's recent warming trend is causing sea levels to rise, precipitation patterns to change, and pole ice to melt. Few now disagree that recent global warming is occurring, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has concluded that we humans have created a warming surge that is likely to continue. A continuation could impact many local agricultures and even the global economy. Although there seems to be no simple solutions, geoengineering projects that might help include artificial cloud...

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The Spinning Pulsar of the Crab Nebula

APOD: 2022 August 21 - The Spinning Pulsar of the Crab Nebula Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 21 The Spinning Pulsar of the Crab Nebula Image Credit: NASA: X-ray: Chandra (CXC),Optical: Hubble (STScI),Infrared: Spitzer (JPL-Caltech) Explanation: At the core of theCrab Nebula lies a city-sized, magnetizedneutron star spinning 30 times a second.Known as the Crab Pulsar, it is the bright spot in the center of the gaseous swirl at the nebula's core.About twelve light-years across, the spectacular picture framesthe glowing gas, cavities and swirling filaments near the Crab Nebula's center. The featured picture combines visible light from the Hubble Space Telescope in purple, X-ray light from the Chandra X-ray Observatory in blue, and infrared light from the Spitzer Space Telescope in red. Like acosmicdynamo the Crab pulsar powers theemission from the nebula, driving a shock wave through surroundingmaterial and accelerating the spiraling electrons.With more mass thanthe Sunand the density of an atomic nucleus,the spinning pulsar is the collapsed core of a massive star that exploded.The outer parts of the Crab Nebula are the expanding remnants of the star's component gasses.The...

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Stardust and Comet Tails

APOD: 2022 August 20 - Stardust and Comet Tails Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 20 Stardust and Comet Tails Image Credit &Copyright: Rolando Ligustri(CARA Project,CAST) Explanation: Heading for its closest approach to the Sun, or perihelion,on December 19 cometC/2017 K2 (PanSTARRS) remains a sightfor telescopic observers as it sweeps through planet Earth's skiesin the constellation Scorpius.The comet currentlysports a greenishcoma, long whitish dust tail, and short ion tail in thisdeep image from August 18.The 2x3 degree wide field of view includes part of the dustynebula IC 4592 reflecting blue starlight.Also known as the Blue Horsehead Nebula,IC 4592 is about 400 light-years distant while the comet is just under17 light-minutes away.First spotted at a distance well beyond the orbit of SaturnC/2017 K2is on its maiden voyage to the inner solar system,a pristine visitor from theremote Oort cloud. Tomorrow's picture: cosmic crustacean<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC,NASA ScienceActivation& Michigan Tech. U.

Saturn: 1993 2022

APOD: 2022 August 19 - Saturn: 1993 2022 Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 19 Saturn: 1993 - 2022 Image Credit &Copyright: Tunc Tezel(TWAN) Explanation: Saturn is the most distant planetof the Solar Systemeasily visibleto the unaided eye.With this extraordinary, long-term astro-imaging project begun in 1993,you can follow the ringed gas giant for one Saturn yearas it wandersonce around theecliptic plane,finishing a single orbit around the Sun by 2022.Constructed from individual images made over 29 Earth years,the split panorama is centered along the eclipticand crossed by the plane of our Milky Way galaxy.Saturn's position in 1993 is at the right side, upper panelin the constellationCapricornus and progresses toward the left.It returns to the spot in Capricornusat left in the lower panel in 2022.The consistent imaging shows Saturn appears slightly brighter during the years2000-2005 and 2015-2019, periods when its beautiful rings weretilted more face-on to planet Earth. Tomorrow's picture: light-weekend<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD...

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Full Moon Perseids

APOD: 2022 August 18 - Full Moon Perseids Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 18 Full Moon Perseids Image Credit &Copyright: Juan Carlos Casado(Starry Earth,TWAN) Explanation: The annualPerseid meteor showerwas near its peak on August 13.As planet Earth crossed through streams of debris left by periodicComet Swift-Tuttlemeteors rained in northern summer night skies.But eventhat night's nearly Full Moonshining near the top of this compositedview couldn't hide all of the popular shower's meteor streaks.The image captures some of the brightest perseid meteors in manyshort exposures recorded over more than two hours before the dawn.It places the shower's radiant in the heroic constellation of Perseusjust behind a well-lit medieval tower in the village ofSant Llorenc de la Muga, Girona, Spain.Observed in medieval times, the Perseid meteor showeris also known in Catholic tradition as the Tears of St. Lawrence,and festivities are celebrated close to the annual peak of the meteor shower.Joining the Full Moonopposite the Sun,bright planet Saturn also shines in the frame at the upper right. Tomorrow's picture: one Saturn year<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| >...

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Stargate Milky Way

APOD: 2022 August 17 - Stargate Milky Way Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 17 Stargate Milky Way Image Credit & Copyright: Maxime Oudoux Explanation: There is a huge gate of stars in the sky, and you pass through it twice a day.The stargate is actually our Milky Way Galaxy, and it is the spin of the Earth that appears to propel you through it.More typically, the central band of our Milky Way appears as a faint band stretching across the sky, only visible in away from bright city lights.In a long-exposure wide-angle image from a dark location like this, though, the Milky Way's central plane is easily visible.The featured picture is a digital composite involving multiple exposures taken on the same night and with the same camera, but employing a stereographic projection that causes the Milky Way to appear as a giant circular portal.Inside the stargate-like arc of our Galaxy is a faint stripe called zodiacal light -- sunlight reflected by dust in our Solar System.In the foreground are cacti and dry rocks found in the rough terrain of the...

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A Meteor Wind over Tunisia

APOD: 2022 August 16 - A Meteor Wind over Tunisia Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 16 A Meteor Wind over Tunisia Image Credit & Copyright: Makrem Larnaout Explanation: Does the Earth ever pass through a wind of meteors?Yes, and they are frequently visible as meteor showers.Almost all meteors are sand-sized debris that escaped from a Sun-orbiting comet or asteroid, debris that continues in an elongated orbit around the Sun.Circling the same Sun, our Earth can move through an orbiting debris stream, where it can appear, over time, as a meteor wind.The meteors that light up in Earth's atmosphere, however, are usually destroyed.Their streaks, though, can all be traced back to a single point on the sky called the radiant. The featured image composite was taken over two days in late July near the ancient Berber village Zriba El Alia in Tunisia, during the peak of the Southern Delta Aquariids meteor shower.The radiant is to the right of the image.A few days ago our Earth experienced the peak of a more famous meteor wind -- the Perseids. Tomorrow's picture: stargate milky...

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The Cygnus Wall of Star Formation

APOD: 2022 August 15 - The Cygnus Wall of Star Formation Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 15 The Cygnus Wall of Star Formation Image Credit & Copyright: Johan Bogaerts Explanation: The North America nebula on the sky can do what theNorth America continent on Earth cannot -- form stars. Specifically, in analogy to the Earth-confined continent, the bright part that appears as Central America and Mexico is actually a hot bed of gas, dust, and newly formed stars known as the Cygnus Wall. The featured image shows the star forming wall lit and eroded by bright young stars, and partly hidden by the dark dust they have created. The part of the North America nebula (NGC 7000) shown spans about 15 light years and lies about 1,500 light years away toward the constellationof the Swan (Cygnus). Tomorrow's picture: meteor wind <| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC,NASA Science Activation& Michigan Tech. U.

4000 Exoplanets

APOD: 2022 August 14 - 4000 Exoplanets Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 4000 Exoplanets Video Credit: SYSTEM Sounds(M. Russo, A. Santaguida); Data: NASA Exoplanet Archive Explanation: Over 4000 planets are now known to exist outside our Solar System.Known as exoplanets, this milestone was passed last month, as recorded by NASA's Exoplanet Archive.The featured video highlights these exoplanets in sound and light, starting chronologically from the first confirmed detection in 1992 and continuing into 2019. The entire night sky is first shown compressed with the central band of our Milky Way Galaxy making a giant U. Exoplanets detected by slight jiggles in their parents-star's colors (radial velocity) appear in pink, while those detected by slight dips in their parent star's brightness (transit) are shown in purple.Further, those exoplanets imaged directly appear in orange, while those detected by gravitationally magnifying the light of a background star (microlensing) are shown in green. The faster a planet orbits its parent star, the higher the accompanying tone played.The retired Kepler satellite has discovered about half of these first 4000 exoplanets in just one region of the sky,...

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Herschel Crater on Mimas

APOD: 2022 August 13 - Herschel Crater on Mimas Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 13 Herschel Crater on Mimas Image Credit Cassini Imaging Team,ISS,JPL,ESA,NASA Explanation: Mimas,small 400 kilometer-diameter moon of Saturn,is host to 130 kilometer-diameterHerschel crater,one of the larger impact craters in the entire Solar System.The robotic Cassini spacecraftorbiting Saturn in 2010 recordedthis startling viewof small moon and big crater while makinga 10,000-kilometer record close pass by the diminutiveicy world.Shown in contrast-enhanced false color, the image datareveal more clearly that Herschel's landscape is coloredslightly differently fromheavily cratered terrain nearby. The color difference could yield surface composition clues to theviolenthistory of Mimas.Of course,an impact on Mimas any larger than the one that created the 130-kilometerHerschel mighthave destroyedthe smallmoon of Saturn. Tomorrow's picture: 4,000 exoplanets<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar| RSS| Education| About APOD| Discuss| > Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff(MTU) &Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)NASA Official: Phillip NewmanSpecific rights apply.NASA WebPrivacy Policy and Important NoticesA service of:ASD atNASA /GSFC,NASA ScienceActivation& Michigan Tech. U.

Portrait of the Eagle Nebula

APOD: 2022 August 12 - Portrait of the Eagle Nebula Discover the cosmos!Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe isfeatured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2022 August 12 Portrait of the Eagle Nebula Image Credit &Copyright: Charles Bonafilia Explanation: A star cluster around 2 million years young surrounded bynatal clouds of dust and glowing gas,Messier 16 (M16) is alsoknown as The Eagle Nebula.This beautifully detailed imageof the region adopts the colorful Hubble palette and includescosmic sculpturesmade famous in Hubble Space Telescope close-ups of thestarforming complex.Described as elephant trunks orPillars of Creation,dense, dusty columns rising near the center are light-years in length butare gravitationally contracting to form stars.Energetic radiation from the cluster stars erodes material nearthe tips, eventually exposing the embedded new stars.Extending from the ridge of bright emission left of centeris another dusty starforming column known as theFairy of Eagle Nebula.M16 lies about 7,000 light-years away,an easy target for binoculars or small telescopes in anebula rich part of the skytoward the split constellationSerpens Cauda(the tail of the snake).As framed, this telescopic portrait of the Eagle Nebula is about 70light-years across. Tomorrow's picture: small moon, big crater<| Archive| Submissions | Index| Search| Calendar|...

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